The main attraction of the Viñales Valley is the mogotes, surrounded by an intense green color, unique to the Caribbean and palm trees that rise to infinity. But in addition to palm trees, this area has an exuberant endemic vegetation: more than 60 species that only grow in the mogotes and other species unique by their antiquity, among them the cork palm, declared a National Monument for having survived from the Jurassic.
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The Viñales National Park
Viñales National Park and its surroundings, located in western Cuba, just 25 km from the provincial capital and 178 km from Havana, is an exclusive and unique landscape where heights of metamorphic rocks with karstic mountains, known locally Like "mogotes" and valleys of singular beauty.
These natural features, combined with the rich cultural history of the region, made it possible for the National Monuments Commission to declare "National Monument" in 1979, "Cultural Landscape of Humanity" by UNESCO in 1999 and "Park National "by the Council of Ministers in the year 2001.
The region presents a high diversity and endemism of its flora and fauna, as well as extensive world known cave systems. For this reason it has been named "Cathedral of the Carso Tropical".